The conductivity of water refers to the ability of water to conduct an electrical current. A material like copper has a high electrical conductivity, which is why it's typically used as electrical wiring in a home. The high conductivity of copper allows an electrical current to travel through the wiring and over to a light [...]
There are several different kinds of sensors for measuring conductivity. Choosing a sensor that fits your application will improve accuracy and ensure longevity of your equipment. One important factor to understand before choosing a conductivity sensor is how to select a conductivity cell constant.
Different applications require different levels of water purity. As an example, the electrical conductivity of drinking water will usually be less than 1 mS/cm, while a semiconductor plant or pharmaceutical plant requiring very pure water would aim for the electrical conductivity of water to be less than 1 µS/cm.
When running reverse osmosis (RO), operational efficiency is paramount. The comparison between the rate of water production and applied energy determines the cost of the water produced. Taking the system offline to conduct routine cleaning and maintenance can increase production rates and efficiency or extend membrane lifetime. However, spending extra effort to monitor membrane integrity [...]
Summary In all kinds of water steam cycles, the correct pH measurement in power plants play a key factor in corrosion risk surveillance. A measurement with a glass pH electrode is possible but requires a pH probe designed for low conductivity, high temperatures and pressure. An accurate pH value can also be obtained by measuring the [...]