Water is critical for many processes in the food and beverage industry. Water is not only a key ingredient in most food and beverage products, but it is also used for cleaning or rinsing products, sanitizing equipment, cooling systems, and packaging products. In order to ensure food safety and comply with regulations, ingredient water and wash water must be treated to meet high standards. Cooling water should be treated to ensure cooling system efficiency and prevent operational stresses such as scale or fouling. Wastewater produced by food and beverage production facilities may need to be treated before it is discharged to the municipal sewage system. Water treatment processes help food and beverage companies ensure regulatory compliance, promote quality control, protect brand reputation, and decrease operating costs.